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Attawapiskat has grown from a settlement of temporary dwellings, such as tents and teepees, in the 1950s to a community with permanent buildings, which were constructed in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Traditional harvesters from Attawapiskat First Nation continue to regularly hunt caribou, goose, and fish along the Attawapiskat River, while tending trap lines throughout the region (Berkes et al., 1994; Whiteman, 2004). It comprises an important part of local culture and identity (Inf. The Hudson's Bay Company introduced the commercial fur trapping economy first by establishing a post in Fort Albany in the late 17th century.
The post in Attawapiskat was established toward the end of the 19th century (Honigmann 196).
Attawapiskat was officially recognized by the Government of Canada under the Treaty 9 document.
The community is connected to other towns along the shore of James Bay by the seasonal ice road/winter road constructed each December, linking it to the towns of Kashechewan First Nation, Fort Albany, and Moosonee (Minkin 2008:1) Attawapiskat, Fort Albany, and Kashechewan operate and manage the James Bay Winter Road through a jointly owned corporation named after the Cree word for "our road" kimesskanemenow, the Kimesskanemenow Corporation.
Attawapiskat is the most remote northerly link on the 310-kilometre-long (190 mi) road to Moosonee..
) is an isolated First Nation located in Kenora District in northern Ontario, Canada, at the mouth of the Attawapiskat River on James Bay.
The traditional territory of the Attawapiskat First Nation extends beyond their reserve up the coast to Hudson Bay and hundreds of kilometres inland along river tributaries.
Attawapiskat was included when adhesions were made to the treaty to include the communities north of the Albany River.
Traditional structures, thinking and interpretation of life were maintained in a deeper fashion than for many less isolated First Nations communities.
Some elders still lead a traditional life on the land, moving into the community only over Christmas season Some families, although having their home base in the community, are still using the land extensively as their economic and social basis.
19)." In her Masters thesis (1998) Jacqueline Hookimaw-Witt, a Muskego-Cree, interviewed elders from Attawapiskat who described in great detail ways in which they continued to harvest, fish and hunt for food, clothing, crafts and subsistence to complement store-bought items.
Hookimaw-Witt was the first Muskego-Cree to earn a doctorate.